This page contains selected research on court-imposed fees and fines in the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems. Ranging in scope from county-level policy assessments to national practice scans, the research demonstrates the harmful impact that fees and fines have on youth, families, and communities.
Articles and reports are divided into two research sections, juvenile and adult. Use the buttons below to navigate to them:
Juvenile fees and fines have only recently received significant attention from researchers and policymakers. The collection below represents the latest reports and articles documenting the nature, scope, and impact of juvenile fines and fees in certain U.S. jurisdictions.
Double Punishment: Philadelphia’s Practice of Charging Parents for Their Child’s Incarceration Costs
A growing body of research documents the harmful impact of fines and fees in the adult criminal justice system. The selected reports and articles linked below describe and analyze fines and fees in counties and states across the U.S.